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Causes And Symptoms Of Mono In Children
Children are prone to many diseases. These include frequent colds, fevers, diarrhea and flu. But there is another disease that is very common among children. It’s called mononucleosis, or Mono for short. Some say it’s called the kissing disease. Yes, kissing disease. A disease that most people thought only affects teenagers and adults, not children.
What is mononucleosis or the kissing disease?
Mononucleosis is a condition caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, or EBV. It is a type of virus that belongs to the family of herpesviruses and cytomegaloviruses. On the downside, Mono is difficult to diagnose in children. Mainly because it may show no symptoms at all, or the signs may be mistaken for a common cold or flu.
How is mononucleosis spread?
Mononotus is also popularly known as the kissing disease, as it is usually spread through saliva. However, people do not need to kiss to become infected.
Since the virus is in the saliva of an infected person, people can become infected with food, spoons and other utensils. Drinking from contaminated straws and cups can also increase the likelihood of contracting the infection. These unhealthy habits are characteristic of children. This also explains why children are prone to Mono.
What are the common signs and symptoms of mononucleosis or mononucleosis?
According to statistics, 90 percent of people are at risk of developing the disease. Once a person is infected, the body’s immune system prevents them from becoming infected again.
Some people do not realize that they are infected with this disease, since most cases occur in early childhood. People who get mononucleosis at an early age may have mild symptoms. Below are the most common symptoms of Mono in children that parents should watch out for:
2. Sore throat
3. Swollen lymph nodes
5. Swollen eyes
6. Enlarged liver and spleen
Mononucleosis is commonly misdiagnosed as a sore throat because their symptoms are similar. Doctors often give the child antibiotics. The antibiotic then causes a negative reaction in the body. Children may experience mild to moderate rashes or hives. Sometimes doctors conclude that the patient has an allergic reaction to the antibiotic. On the other hand, it is just a natural reaction of the disease to the antibiotic. In addition to rashes, children may also experience severe abdominal pain, a dry cough, or a runny nose. In order to avoid misdiagnosis, it is better to leave children for a blood test, because this is the only way to confirm whether the patient is infected with mononucleosis or monodisease.
People infected with this virus usually start showing symptoms 15 to 30 days after infection. Symptoms can last for about one to two weeks, depending on the immunity of the infected person.
There is no specific treatment for this disease. It just goes away on its own. However, there are treatments that can relieve symptoms.
Mononucleosis, mono or the kissing disease, whatever you call it, is very common in teenagers and adults, but recently it has become more apparent in children as young as ten years old. It is highly contagious but not fatal. Fortunately, children have mild symptoms and can be easily treated with rest and adequate fluid intake.
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