You Have The Brain Of A Four-Year-Old Boy Risk In Teenagers – Why Do They Take Work, Driving And Life Risks? Explanations Here

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Risk In Teenagers – Why Do They Take Work, Driving And Life Risks? Explanations Here

KEEP Generation Y’s employers must keep them safe and healthy at work and take care of work-life balance and fun. This is a snapshot of how the current young generation thinks in general. This is due to the negative perceptions of Gen Y about how their baby boomers and Gen X parents suffer from job insecurity, layoffs, stress and high levels of job dissatisfaction.

Adolescence is undoubtedly the most difficult time in life. Getting used to adulthood is usually a painful change. Have you ever wondered why teenagers think and act the way they do? Why do they have a tendency to take risks, for example. Some recent research shows that there are concrete, scientific reasons for this. Some of these questions are becoming answered through the field of psychology, focusing on brain development during this life span.

This article seeks to uncover and demystify issues related to adolescent brain development so that adult members of society (and parents) can at least understand and address these issues, provide youth with the dignity and respect they deserve, and make the transition. into adulthood as painlessly as possible. This short article is followed by a series of condensed points on research-backed psychology in 2006. (Source: Glendon, pp. 137-150, full references at end.)

Notes and observations

Young people are generally better suited to late night shift work than mature adults, but not so well suited to dangerous occupations where risk avoidance is essential, as they may try to “blame” the risk and the danger may accidentally “bite” them. working on it. The “high road” of thinking is not well developed in young people, so why do we expect them to reason and analyze details well? They simply do not understand and deal with risk well. Careful, mature and sensitive supervision is critical.

Teenagers are often frustrated when they have to make decisions based on odds or risks, and tend to do “things” anyway. Young people need quality, close supervision and mentoring for special tasks. If they don’t, they get accidents and injuries.

Hormonal changes cause the majority of brain development problems and must be managed well into the mid-20s. The gender differences are clear – girls are 4-6 years ahead of boys until the end of their 20s. This fact presents a myriad of gender relationship problems.

Teenage novelty-seeking, sensation-seeking, and risk-taking can all be explained by brain development—it’s not just about personal choices.

When it comes to driving, it’s important that young drivers don’t want to ride in a car with more than one or two adults at a time. With everyone extra the accident risk of teenage passengers increases. The risk of crashing in curves is higher for young male drivers than for all other age and gender groups. Parents are critical role models for teenagers when it comes to driving behavior – especially same-sex parents. If the father behaves inappropriately on the road, the teenager is likely to repeat it. It’s the same for mothers and daughters.

In the work environment, we must not give young people more than one thing at a time; For most people, complicated work routines and procedures are a recipe for failure. Older workers tend to set the tone for workplace culture, and young people often just adapt to that culture. No matter how good safety systems are, if the culture allows young people to take risks, they will take them

It’s easy to think of young people as “sloppy and sloppy”, the truth is there’s not much they can do about how they’re “wired” and the developmental curve they’re on. The fact that they are unable to use effective thinking and decision-making in relation to risks and adults must be sensitively considered, as most teenagers are independent in nature; they want to be treated like adults. As adults, we should do as much as we reasonably can to keep them safe during the gap years, while honoring them in ways that show value to their ever-growing capacity to relate as adults.

© 2008 Steve J. Wickham. All rights reserved worldwide.

—————–

Bullets for the actual data in the (referenced) summary:

  • When young people are already committed to one risk-taking behavior, other risk-taking behaviors are more likely to follow.
  • There are three levels of brain development. 1) Corpus striatum or the “reptilian brain” responsible for routine and instinct (movement); it develops the earliest. 2) limbic brain is the “place of feeling” (feeling) and develops next. 3) Neocortex or cortex-which makes up 80 percent of brain volume – is the last to mature and is involved in (thought) reasoning and complex “higher way” thinking. For this reason, McLean (1949) proposed three “streams” of brain development – movement, feeling, and thinking.[1]
  • The cerebral cortex is the “executive filter” that assists the lower centers and is used to detect the response.
  • “Circuits in the limbic system are relatively fixed and can strongly influence our (thoughts) cognitions.” (Glendon, 2006, p. 139).
  • A longer (but preferred) route to cognition is through the “higher road” or cortex. It is related to a more detailed, factual analysis of things, events and situations.
  • The cerebellum (responsible for posture and movement) is the oldest part of the brain and continues to grow well into late adolescence.[2]
  • Young male drivers (17-19 years old) have a significantly higher crash risk negotiating the bends than male drivers aged 30-39 and women of the same age.
  • The hippocampus it has connections to both limbic structures and the neocortex has a vital “role in connecting emotion with cognition” to feeling and thinking. (Glendon, 2006, p. 139).
  • Melatonin peaks later in the day in adolescents compared to children and adults, which may explain why they prefer to go to bed later and wake up later. This means that teenagers and young adults tend to cope better with shift work than older adults.
  • Because right ventral striatum is less active in adolescence, teenagers are more driven to risky behavior because the pursuit of reward is suppressed, and it cannot be a motivator, i.e. a reward for staying safe.
  • Teenagers are more frustrated with decision-making in gambling tasks (“probability matching”) than children and adults because dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is fully matured only in the mid-twenties.
  • Young people may be able to “see” as well as adults, but they cannot perceive risks as well because they have not yet developed higher level (cortical) cognitive interpretation functions.
  • Young people seem to engage in “extended reasoning” in risky situations, which paradoxically is not good because then instincts should come into play. Adults are more likely to create an image of the possible [injurious] results.” (Glendon, 2006, p. 141). In addition, extended reasoning produces a longer response time, when a visceral response (gut reaction) would be sufficient.
  • The brain clearly changes anatomically between the ages of 18 and 25, which partly explains why insurance companies have “under 25s”.
  • The gender differences in brain development are clear. “Girls’ brains develop faster than boys… the typical brain of a 17-year-old boy resembles the brain of an 11-year-old girl.” (Glendon, 2006, p. 142). By another metric: brain myelination, the gender gap is 3-4 years in favor of women. By this measure, men’s brain development “guarantees” that women’s brains catch up only at the age of 29.
  • Although there have been several cross-sectional studies, there have been very few longitudinal studies[3] and this needs to be addressed.
  • The full brain maturity of both sexes is said to occur in the mid to late twenties; meanwhile, “hormonal changes control the brain” and the resulting safety issues must be managed. (Glendon, 2006, p. 142).
  • “Brain systems that control arousal, emotional experiences and social information processing become much more active during adolescence.” This explains why we see an increase in “novelty-seeking, sensation-seeking and risk-taking behavior” among teenagers. (Glendon, 2006, pp. 143-44).
  • Road accident data suggests that the risk of an accident increases with “each additional member of the peer group traveling”. (Glendon, 2006, p. 144). This means that parents should try to limit their teens from driving with only one or two peers in the car. Maybe four or five teenagers in one car asking for trouble?
  • Peer pressure continues to be a significant problem for people until about age 25 due to the immaturity of the frontal lobe.
  • Multi-functions are perfect only as a young adult. Young drivers are even more prone to accidents than adults when using cell phones, CD players, etc. while driving. Young people should only be given one task at a time until it is proven that they can cope with more than one.
  • “Preventing exposure to danger” is probably the best way to protect young people, workers and drivers. (Glendon, 2006, p. 144). In other words, the protection and safety of young people must be given special attention in dangerous environments such as roads. Supervisory controls are appropriate and recommended.
  • Parents are critical role models for teenagers when it comes to driving behavior – especially same-sex parents. If the father behaves inappropriately on the road, the teenager is likely to repeat it.
  • In the work environment, more mature employees set the tone for the workplace culture, and young people often just adapt to this culture. No matter how good the safety systems are, if the culture allows young people to take risks, they will.
  • Key reference:

    Glendon, I., Brain development in adolescence: some implications for risk-taking and injury liability Journal of Occupational Health and Safety: Australia and New Zealand2006, 22(2): 137-150.

    Footnotes:

    [1] Jones, Joseph M. (1995) Affect as a process: A study of the centrality of affect in psychological life (By Joseph D. Lichtenberg, 268 pages, The Analytic Press, Hillsdale, New Jersey and London) pp. 62-63.

    [2] Goodburn, Elizabeth A. and Ross, David A. (1995). “The picture of health: a review and annotated bibliography on the health of young people in developing countries.” Published by the World Health Organization and UNICEF. The World Health Organization defines “youth” from age 10-19 years.

    [3] Longitudinal studies typically involve following a cohort group for 20-30 years, and they are clearly rarer in research circles compared to cross-sectional studies, because it is difficult to follow the same group of individuals for such a long time.

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